SAT Essay – 4 Tips to a Great SAT Essay Score

Many students experience some anxiety when the time arrives to take the SATs. After all, the SATs are an important exam that many institutes of higher education consider during the admissions process. The essay can be especially difficult for students. However, proper preparation can lead students to success. A well written essay will grab the attention of graders and earn an excellent score.

SAT essays are graded by two different graders. Each grader has six points to distribute, which allows for a combined high score of twelve. Essay graders will be grading your papers content, organization, clarity and be looking to see that you followed directions as indicated in the prompt. Graders will be judging each of these specific areas but will also be focusing on your essay as a whole.

The first step in writing a solid SAT essaytyper is to comprehend what the prompt is asking for. Make sure to fully understand the prompt before you begin writing and focus on the main idea. This will set the groundwork for a solid essay and allow you to begin writing a high scoring essay. Students often misunderstand the prompt because they did not read it carefully enough and then receive lower scores. Avoid this simple mistake by reading the prompt more than once.

Essays must include thesis statements. A solid thesis statement is the beginning of a successful essay. The thesis statement will answer the question that the prompt is asking and give the grader an idea of the direction of the essay. It can be helpful to include the some of the wording of the prompt in the thesis statement. The thesis statement will be included the introductory paragraph of your essay along with a basic summary of the main ideas that will be discussed throughout your essay.

The length of your essay should be at least four hundred words. Research completed by MIT indicated that students who wrote at least a four hundred word essay received higher scores about ninety percent of the time. The body of your essay should be composed of at least three to four strong paragraphs that support your thesis statement. Each paragraph should include an introductory and concluding sentence. In order to prove your ideas include academic examples from history or literature, while avoiding personal stories unless specifically asked. Essays with personal examples do not score as well as those with clear academic examples. The final paragraph of your essay needs to summarize and conclude the essay. Anecdotes or analogies, often found in conclusions of the highest scoring SAT essays, are wonderful way to end an essay.

Writing a well written essay that receives a high score on the SAT is entirely possible. Correctly following the prompt, avoiding vague ideas and writing at least four hundred words will put you on the right path towards achieving a perfect score. Try not to become too consumed with one specific guideline, but focus on the essay as a whole, and you will see positive results!

Helping Someone Stop Gambling Online

There are many kinds of easily accessible online gambling sites and activities. Easy access to gambling is a potential disaster for a person with a compulsive gambling disorder or an inclination to having a problem with gambling. With an abundance of online casinos and betting sites, anyone with a gambling problem and an Internet connection is faced with temptation twenty-four hours a day.

Is compulsive gambling a real problem? Why can’t they just stop?

A compulsive gambler often wants to stop. After all, he is losing his money, his friends, ruining his family . . . But he can not stop. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) – the American handbook for mental health professionals, Compulsive Gambling is a mental disorder that requires treatment.

How do you know if someone a compulsive gambler?

Problem gambling is characterized by a difficulty to limit money and/or time spent on gambling activity which leads to harmful effects on the gambler himself as well as to others. Pathological gambling is now defined as persistent and recurrent maladaptive gambling behavior meeting at least five of the following criteria:

1. Preoccupation. He/She has frequent thoughts about gambling experiences.

2. Tolerance. He/She requires larger bets to get a “rush”. pussy888

3. Moody.. Restless and irritable when they try to stop gambling.

4. Escape. Gambles to “feel good” or get away from problems.

5. One more time. Trying to win back gambling losses by gambling.

6. Lying. Lies to hide his/her gambling habit.

7. No control. He/She has unsuccessfully attempted to stop gambling.

8. Law breaking. He/She has broken the law to get money.

9. Risked relationships. Gambles despite risking an important relationship,.

10. Bailout. He/She turns to family or friends for financial help.

How Can you Stop Someone from Gambling on the Computer?

Open communication is the best way to approach a loved one with a suspected gambling problem. If the problem is that they are gambling online, you can do a lot to help them. First of all, get rid of the temptation. That does not have to mean getting rid of the family computer or canceling the Internet connection.

If your loved one admits to a problem and wants your help to overcome the problem, you can agree together to start by eliminating the easy access they have to gambling online. Simply by installing an effective web filter, you can easily block out gambling and betting websites from your PC.

 

Atlantic City Casino Hotels

Atlantic City is home to many casino hotels.

The Bally’s Hotel Casino (Park Place and Boardwalk) has 1450 rooms and fifteen restaurants. Its gaming area covers 80,000 square feet, holding 2,175 slot machines and games like Blackjack, Craps, Roulette, Baccarat, etc. The Borgata Hotel Casino and Spa (1 Borgata Way) has 2002 rooms and eleven restaurants. The Caesar’s Atlantic City Hotel and Casino (2100 Pacific Avenue) has 620 rooms and eleven restaurants. Its motif is Roman. Its casino covers 124,720 square feet. The Harrah’s Hotel and Casino (777 Harrah’s Blvd.) has 1174 rooms and six restaurants. The impressive lobby holds three splendid aquariums. The gaming area covers 112,918 square feet. The Hilton Resort and Casino (Boston and Pacific Avenue) has 804 rooms and seven restaurants. It a four diamond resort situated on the beach and Boardwalk. The hotel also features a theater, spa and shops. The Resorts Atlantic City and Hotel (1133 Boardwalk) has 479 rooms and six restaurants. Its 24-hour casino includes 2,2oo slot machines and 60 game tables. 파워볼사이트

The Sands Hotel and Casino (Indiana Avenue and Brighton Park) has 700 rooms and five restaurants. The hotel is newly remodeled. The Showboat Hotel and Casino (801 Boardwalk) has 755 rooms and nine restaurants offering Cajun and Louisiana specialty cuisine. The Showboat-Mardi Gras Casino is open for 24 hours. This hotel casino is a very distinctive building in the Atlantic City. The Tropicana Hotel and Casino ((Brighton Avenue and the Boardwalk) has 1600 rooms and six restaurants. It holds the title “Best Overall Casino” in Atlantic City. The Trump Marina Hotel Casino (Huron and Brigantine Blvd) has 728 rooms and seven restaurants. It fronts onto the Senator Frank S. Farley Marina, hence its name. It features a spa, club, pool, tennis, basketball and shuffleboard courts, running track, showroom and ballroom. The casino covers 74,252 square feet. The Trump Plaza Hotel and Casino (Boardwalk at Mississippi Avenue) has 904 rooms and seven restaurants. The hotel has won the Five Star Diamond Award for Hospitality. Its casino covers 85,253 square feet, holding 2,852 slot machines and 88 tables. The Trump Taj Mahal (1000 Boardwalk at Virginia) has 1250 rooms and nine restaurants. The grand hotel is an architectural tour de force.

The Chips Are Up: An Overview of the Casino Chip Collecting Hobby

Unusual hobbies give a sense of crazy, wacky satisfaction, and at many times can make unusual money for the hobbyist. Once upon a time collecting coins and stamps was considered unusual, but take a look around and see how much cash and fame it has brought for the collectors who stuck to their hobbies! Now, there’s another unusual hobby that seems to have superb potential both in terms of soul satisfaction as well as monetary rewards – and it’s called Casino Chip Collecting.

Collecting casino chips involves taking away chips purchased at casinos or buying them online from auction sites, mainly eBay. Casino chip collecting started way back in 1988 and the hobby has grown since then. You will be astonished to know that some rare and discontinued chips are valued at as high as $50,000, with the highest-ever recorded sale being $39,000.

For those of you looking to get started in Casino Chip Collecting, below is some basic information to get you started. For more advanced information, visit http://www.pokerchipcollector.com

Grading casino chips

Since casino chip collecting began, it hooked in many enthusiasts, and by the year 2003 the Casino Chips & Gaming Tokens Collectors Club (CC>CC – the official body for casino chip collecting) introduced a worldwide grading system for casino chips. Here is a brief overview of the grading system:

New chips: Chips that have never been used in games and which do not feature any marks of wear and tear.

Slightly used chips: Chips those are as good as new with only a minimum number of wear-and-tear marks on them.

Average chips: Chips that feature a higher amount of wear-and-tear marks, and whose edges are beginning to dull a bit. 먹튀검증

Well-used chips: These chips have inlays that are still visible, but feature wear-and-tear marks that fall between the marks found on average chips and the poor chips (see below).

Poor chips: These include damaged, cracked, blurred, nicked and full of crosshatch marks.

Damaged chips: These chips will carry every possible damage mark on them – broken, cracked, missing inlays, burns, faded, etc.

Canceled chips: These are the chips that have been either canceled or modified by the casino. If you ever manage to get a canceled chip of a famous casino, you’re in luck!

Identifying and collecting casino chips

Casino chips are identified based on factors such as denomination, color, mold, inlay and their rareness. Nowadays, enthusiastic hobbyists have begun collecting every type of chip from a single casino; or, they collect just one chip from every casino so that they have an all-encompassing collection.

$ 1-5 casino chips are very popular with collectors. Collectors usually stuff their casino chips in folders and keep them away from sunlight and fluorescent light. Hobbyists say that cleaning the chips is not required, but there’s no harm in cleaning them if it is necessary.

How do I get started on this hobby?

If you are serious about getting into Casino Chip Collecting then you need to first educate yourself about the subject. There are lots of sources on the Internet but the best way to get started is to get your hands on the comprehensive Casino Chip Collecting guide that can teach you about the history of casino chips, how they are made, the best places to find them, how to estimate their real values, how to figure out fakes and how to take care of your casino chips.

 

Online Casinos Directory – Offering You Reviews and Guide on Online Bingo

Do you know that there are two ways of playing your favorite casino games? Your first option is to play at a casino which is probably found within Las Vegas or other areas within the country which are known for their great casino games and bonuses. Your second option is the chance to play blackjack or bingo over the Internet. The latter is possible because of the advanced software that is being used by several casinos. Through this software application, casino owners are able to develop an online version of the games that they offer on their land-based casinos.

There are plenty of online casinos over the web. However, not all of these casinos offer great deals to their players. This is the reason why you need to find out more about different casinos and compare the information that you have obtained. If you do not want the hassle of going through magazine articles, you can look for casino reviews over the Internet. There are various sites which you can get helpful online casino reviews. One of these is Online Casinos Directory; providing interested online gamblers the opportunity to gain knowledge on the latest online casino, the most current game, news update, and guides.

Other than reviews on the top online casinos, the site also offers a guide to casino games. This way, you will know how to play your favorite game. In turn, you will end up with more money than what you have deposited. One of the offers of Online Casinos Directory is reviews on bingo. Aside from the review, the site’s bingo guide will allow you to learn how to play this casino game the way experts do. If you are just starting to discover the wonders of playing online bingo, you might want to get more information by reading the review and guide of the site. 먹튀검증

Since there are already a lot of individuals who have discovered the ease of playing online bingo, this game is quickly gaining popularity. They appreciate the security and the convenience that they get when they choose to gamble over the web. In order to provide you with information on the best online halls for bingo, Online Casinos Directory has come up with a list of great online casinos to visit when you want to play bingo. In order to know which hall is better than the other, the site makes careful research. What is more, they check out the halls personally so that they will know more about the services that each online bingo hall provides.

The site carefully goes through each bingo hall over the Internet. When one online hall makes it to the list of Online Casinos Directory, you are guaranteed that it is a wonderful room to visit. The site only includes bingo halls which it thinks are offering the most honest and safest atmosphere for their players. The site also gathers information; and they do it through knowing what online gamblers have to say about the latest hall. Through the feedbacks of the players, the site is able to determine whether a specific hall is worth further research. After the site reads player opinions, a team of Online Casinos Directory checks out the online rooms themselves. They look into the general assets of the hall, the provided game selection, the payment options, and the over-all presentation of the bingo hall. If they think that the information which has been provided is acceptable though not enough, they keep on making researches.

 

Starting Your Own Dragon Boat Club

Starting a dragon boat club requires a lot of time, effort and determination. To that mix, you have to add strong leadership and motivated people with a common vision.

What do I mean by vision? I mean the ability to see beyond the physical manifestation of a club; you need the ability to see the future in terms that make sense, and you need enough faith to see things through.

If you’re near water, be it flat or sea, chances are good that one or more paddling clubs already exist. For that reason, you have to ask yourself what you hope to accomplish that the existing groups can’t – or won’t. That’s the most obvious pointer to the need for a unique vision – one which will motivate you and your new members to bring it about.

For example, if the local clubs are primarily built around a recreational paddling model, and your group has international competition in its sights, you have a vision that’s clear and easy to understand. In addition, rather than competing with the existing club, it’s likely that a competitive club would augment it in unexpected ways, like providing an avenue for recreational paddlers to move up the ladder to more serious competition.

The Vision

In order to sell your vision, you need a clear understanding of exactly what it is you want to accomplish. Do you want to start with a 10-paddler dragon boat and add a 20-paddler boat as membership expands, or do you simply want to start with the larger hull?

Do you want to buy a used boat or a new one? Club boat or IDBF-certified racing boat?

Does your vision include the eventual addition of outriggers, to provide paddlers with more choices for training and conditioning?

Do you have an understanding of the cost of maintaining a dragon boat in your local waters? If not, your new club may find itself buried in debt before it becomes large enough to fund an adequate budget.

Are you familiar with the cost of real estate on or off the water? After all, moving 40 foot dragon boats is no easy matter, and you need to give a lot of thought to where you’re going to moor it, or, if moorage isn’t available, where you’re going to store it so it can easily be carried in and out of the water by your crews.

Have you priced fire, theft and liability insurance for your area? Insurance alone can run $4000 to $6000 a year, depending upon the equipment and facilities under your new club’s control.

The Mechanics

Anyone can start a club. All you really need to do to create one is stand up and say, “I am a dragon boat club.” That’s not likely enough, however, to make your club survive and prosper.

The process should include a discussion about the legal form the club will follow. Do you want to take advantage of the non-profit status afforded in many jurisdictions, or simply come up with a name and address for the club and leave it at that? The latter won’t cost nearly as much, but it also won’t offer many of the benefits enjoyed by non-profits. boat things

The People

You need at least ten to twenty paddlers, depending upon the size of the boat you plan to acquire, but I assume that most folks thinking of starting a dragon boat club already know that.

The real question is, “How many members do we need to satisfy both our vision and the real cost of obtaining and maintaining it?” My experience suggests that a minimum of forty to fifty members will be needed to provide the financial support required; it also seems obvious to me that club budgets expand as the membership does. That, too, needs to be part of your vision. At what level will your vision be satisfied?

The Money

This is the most frustrating piece of the pie. Unless you’re lucky and find a sponsor with deep pockets quickly, you’re going to have to give a lot of thought to the cost of getting your club up and running, not to mention putting bums in the boat.

A new twelve meter dragon boat can cost anywhere from $12,000 to $20,000, depending upon the make, model, transportation costs, taxes and duties and, of course, how it’s equipped. (A nine meter boat will cost from $7500 to $10,000.)

Moorage can run $10 a foot or higher, but marina owners are often willing to provide marginal moorage for little or nothing. I know of several dragon boat teams and clubs that enjoy free moorage simply because the spots provided don’t offer enough water at low tide to generate revenue for the marina operator.

 

Adult Bible Study Curriculum – Avoid the Lingo

On the off chance that you have been showing Adult Bible Study Curriculum for a long time or in the event that you have recently experienced childhood in chapel you likely have gotten certain language. This dialect is insider words that individuals in the congregation utilize that solitary individuals who are important for the congregation culture would comprehend. They might be snappy or even comical yet in the event that we use them in the gatherings that we are encouraging they can be inconvenient to the wellbeing of our gathering and the measure of discovering that is occurring. We truly need to work at starting to free ourselves of this dialect. Here are couple of reasons why. Visit :- กลุ่มลับ

 

Most importantly it can cause individuals to feel secluded. At the point when individuals come in to your group to hear you show your Adult Bible Study Curriculum they are now feeling numerous feelings. These are the regular feelings that we feel when we end up in another circumstance we are curious about around individuals whom we may not know. Your objective as the head of the gathering should be to cause them to feel good and get rid of those feelings and not feed in to them. Utilizing church dialect just feeds into those feelings of dread and uneasiness. Envision being in a spot you are new to and feel strange. On the off chance that somebody makes a wisecrack and you are the just a single not getting it this will just further take care of into your sensations of distress and segregation. For what reason would you need to effectively dismiss individuals structure your gathering? I am certain that you don’t. So despite the fact that this might be troublesome from the outset you need to put forth a genuine coordinated attempt to change your jargon.

 

Second, church language truly doesn’t fill a need of any sort. It just assists the gap that is developing between the congregation and the world. It simply give individuals another motivation to mark us as, “…those church individuals who are so withdrawn.” We need to pursue helping other people defeat those musings and mentalities they have created throughout the long term. A major piece of this is essentially watching what words we are utilizing.

 

As you show your Adult Bible Study Curriculum you need it to be tied in with contacting your general surroundings not driving them away. So why make your employment harder by utilizing words nobody else comprehends or thinks about. Next time that you show put forth a deliberate attempt to watch the congregation language.

Sharing in Adult Child Twelve-Step MeetingsDespite

the fact that there are incalculable gathering treatment meetings all through the world, the twelve-venture variant is diverse from various perspectives, and sharing is the foundation of it.

 

The discussing of the tranquility supplication, most importantly, makes a spirit interface among participants a solidarity which is more grounded than the shortcoming and woundedness of its individuals. Furthermore, the gathering itself is run and coordinated by a Higher Power, who works through the aggregate awareness of them, logically lifting and dissolving their spirits’ break with the drawn out point of reestablishing them to completeness. Visit :- กลุ่มลับ

 

There is no correct to the substance of an individual’s offer. He starts, as has frequently been stated, where he is. Whatever he articulates establishes his brain’s first stream from its vault of affliction and it delivers whatever it considers the edge to the individual’s inevitable unburden. Like a chunk of long, it should be unwound in the request it considers significant over the long haul.

 

“There is no incorrect method to share at an Adult Children of Alcoholics (ACA) meeting, as long as we are not mishandling others verbally or cross-talking,” prompts the “Grown-up Children of Alcoholics” course book (World Service Organization, 2006, p. 572). “ACA individuals tune in with deference and compassion, as we share. Inevitably our sharing takes on an overall type of reviewing our youth encounters and how we utilize the means at gatherings to address those encounters.”

 

Confronting a gathering of outsiders in a scene which can be likened with public talking and decreasing yourself to a weak state in which you share your most close life subtleties would be undaunting to anybody. However a Higher Power, who is in every case imperceptibly present and disintegrates the negative feelings with each verbally expressed word, shockingly decreases the experience to one that is gentler than foreseen and the individuals who have participated in it validate this reality. A piece of this cycle is the close companion nature of its members.

 

“I think that its exceptionally encouraging to be essential for a gathering of individuals who share a portion of my issues and emotions,” as indicated by a part’s offer in the Al-Anon course reading, “Boldness to Change” (Al-Anon Family Group Headquarters, Inc., 1992, p. 131). “In spite of the fact that we share much for all intents and purpose, every Al-Anon part has interesting intelligence to bring to the table… Taking what we like and leaving the rest, every one of us is allowed to profit by this individual way to deal with our normal reason… I take a gander at sharing as an occasion to see myself all the more unmistakably.”

 

In spite of what may have been simply the individual’s thorough examining and his hotel to pseudo-arrangements, for example, forswearing, addictions, and impulses, in his most probable confined, independent state, he has certainly flopped at all of his endeavors to mend. So incredible and devouring can the illness of brokenness be, truth be told, that he couldn’t freely improve his psyche, body, and soul condition.

Effective Drugs Not Priced For The Low Income Consumer

There have been many new biological drugs approved by the FDA to treat psoriasis since 2003 as one example of an inflated drug price that most lower income people can’t get access to because Medicaid and Medicare won’t pay for them due to the skyrocketing prices. The new blood thinner “Eliquis” is paid for by Medicaid and Medicare at $200 a bottle. The COPD inhalers which are fairly new are also paid for by the government without hesitation in the area of $150 a pop. Some states pay for the very expensive $400 and above hearing aids and some don’t. So why aren’t the new biological drugs that came out to treat psoriasis since 2003 paid for by the government?

I guess this is one moment where I’m going to answer the question I just asked of this articles readers. In the above linked article I posted to go with this article the author states these biological drugs to treat psoriasis will NOT be available to people who are on Medicaid and Medicare because of price. All the drug companies who have created their own biological psoriasis treatments have pushed people on Medicaid and Medicare away from receiving treatment with these drugs through the high cost of the drugs. Medicare Part D prescription drug plan will pay the bulk cost of “biological’s” but the co pay is between $1200 and $5000 which still keeps people from getting the biological’s.

The spin is a few of these biological drug companies have programs to supply the drugs free to low income patients who have private insurance only. Drug companies have stated in many articles I’ve read that if the patients have Medicare or Medicaid they will NOT be eligible for the free programs.

 

Quote From GoodRX.com: The lowest GoodRx price for the most common version of Humira is around $5,130.76, 38% off the average retail price of $8,309.04.

These biological psoriasis treatments are not life saving so Medicare and Medicaid do not recognize the inflated cost by drug companies as a necessary expense. The drug companies know this and want it this way. Back in 2003 when these biological psoriasis treatments were entering the drug marketplace they were affordable and insurance companies picked up the costs if a reasonable deductible was paid. After 2012 the insurance companies started to remove people with psoriasis because the payouts on the biological treatments were going up and getting extremely expensive.

 

The “Epipen Injector” used to treat heroin overdoses was attacked viciously by the U.S. government when the owner of the company jacked up the price so high only the really wealthy could afford them. Medicaid and Medicare in some states do cover generic Epipen’s but reject brand names. I’ve come to my conclusion about why this and other high drug prices are happening that keep some of these drugs out of the reach of many people who are on Medicare and Medicaid. before and after drugs

Come ON! of course it’s collusion between the “Big Pharma” drug industry and members of congress. But when the collusion deals go bad it’s the drug industry that is forced to take the fall.

When these scams to gain personal wealth come to light as in the opioid epidemic that is ongoing now where billions of dollars are being paid out by the drug companies to the states our congressional representatives who profited off of opioids though insider trading investments walk around with no chance of repercussion for their involvement in the scheme.

If you look at Canada which is a country where government has to pay for ALL healthcare costs you will see the lowest prices on quality drugs anywhere because the government forces prices down to lower government expenditures. All the drug companies that put together high profit drug plans to fill their pockets are destroyed without question by the Canadian government. In the U.S. our congressional representatives steer thought away from destroying excessive profit taking by the drug companies because they are invested in these drug companies for their own personal profit. Congressional Representatives enter congress with meager wealth and leave with excessive riches.

I just bet ya if a person gained access to the investments of our congressional leaders they would find many instances of drug company investments who have extremely high drug prices on popular needed drugs that really work to improve a persons health. Congress voted to give drug companies a 20 year patent before generics could be produced with a 5 year extension if certain conditions are met knowing that high drug prices would develop giving congressional insiders great profit making investment opportunities.

I hear now and again on news shows the patent time is now 12 years but I haven’t seen this 12 year patent time frame in “Wikipedia” or anywhere else. All I see are 20 year patent time frames. I searched around and found out after the drug is invented and a patent applied it may take around 8 years to get FDA approved which leaves 12 years for the drugs to remain on a patent.

Which of our congressional representatives would vote against this time honored tradition of screwing U.S. Citizens in the behind by increasing patent times so they could increase their own personal cash value through outrageous drug prices?

So lets take the biological psoriasis drugs as an example since they have only been around since 2003 or so. “Humira” was the first biological patent approved by the FDA for the treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis. Later on “Humira” was approved for the treatments of various other medical conditions including psoriasis.

A Buyer’s Guide to Flatbed Scanners

Flatbed scanners generally deliver the best combination of quality, flexibility, and usability in scanning. They can be used to scan different kinds of media, including photos and film (with the additional use of a transparency adapter); they can be used to scan text for OCR and document archiving; and they can be used to scan material of varying sizes and thicknesses — from small postage stamps to large mechanical blueprints and 3D objects. To determine the flatbed scanner for your needs, this buying guide covers some of the more important flatbed scanner specifications that you will need to know.

Bit depth and color pass

Practically all scanners today are single-pass types with 48-bit color. Gone are the scanners of yore that required three passes to capture the full RGB (red, green, blue) color information from an image in individual, painstakingly slow takes. Gone too are 24-bit and 36-bit scanners that proved sufficient in the past for delivering up to 68.7 billions of color.

Today’s single-pass, 48-bit scanners are fast and can theoretically capture up to 250 trillion colors — clearly more color than the human eye can distinguish or what monitors and printers can reproduce — but impressive nonetheless for the promise of yielding hues as close to life as possible and delivering smoother color gradations. Ignore all but single-pass scanners when shopping for a flatbed, and aim for 48-bit color as well. Consider lower-bit models (such as 42-bits) only if your scanner of choice has other specs that a higher-bit counterpart may not have — such as patented technologies and special features — that more than compensate for the lower bit depth of your selected model.

Resolution

The resolution of a scanner determines the level of detail that can be captured; the higher the resolution, the sharper the scan will be. There are two types of resolution: optical and interpolated, with optical resolution being the more important spec, as it relates to the scanner’s actual optics and amount of information that it can sample. The interpolated resolution of a scanner is helpful only in specific applications — such as scanning line art, where higher resolutions can even out jaggedness and produce smoother contours.

Most flatbeds today feature respectable specs for optical resolution, ranging from 2400 dpi to 4800 dpi. Any scanner with such resolution figures would prove a respectable choice, since these specs are more than capable of delivering sharp detail or enlarging images for most print applications. Remember, too, that scanning your images in the full resolution of the scanner is likely to yield file sizes of unmanageable proportions — without delivery any discernible benefit towards increasing image clarity or quality. So forget the resolution wars of the past when manufacturers trotted out their resolution specs to trump their closest rival. Instead, look for other features today in flatbeds that may be more important for your needs, or consider the resolution spec TOGETHER with these other features when choosing your choice of flatbed.

CCD vs. CIS Sensor Technology

Image sensors in flatbed scanners can be of two types — qr scanner . Scanners with CCD (charge-coupled device) sensors use a system of mirrors and lenses for redirecting light reflected from the original document to the CCD array. Because of the required optics, CCD scanners are more expensive to produce and result in bulkier scanners, compared to their CIS counterparts. The image quality produced by CCD scanners, however, is far superior to that produced by CIS scanners.

CIS, or Contact Image Sensor technology, is a more recent development in which the sensor array lies just under the scanner bed, so that the sensors catch reflected light directly. Since CIS scanners do not need a complex optical system, they are cheaper to produce and are smaller in size, resulting in portable, lightweight models that may be prove ideal for cramped desktops. CIS sensors also contain on-board logic that consumes less power than CCD. But because the on-board logic utilizes space that would normally be used for the mirrors and lenses in a CCD to sense light, scans from a CIS scanner are lower in quality. As a result, most people tend to forego the slight savings that can be obtained from a CIS scanner in favor of getting higher-quality CCD models instead.

Connectivity & Interface

Most consumer-level scanners today will feature USB ports — either Hi-Speed USB (USB 2.0) on more recent models, or the earlier USB 1.1 standard. Hi-Speed USB is backwards compatible with the USB 1.1 and has a data transfer rate of 480 megabits per second (Mbps). Higher-end scanner models are likely to include the FireWire interface as well, allowing scanners to be used in advanced, professional such as audio/video transfer and data storage. Scanners with either USB or FireWire interface are hot swappable — which means the scanners can be plugged or unplugged from other devices to which they are connected without having to turn the scanners off and on. Older scanners will include SCSI or parallel ports, but you shouldn’t have to consider these legacy-type models — unless you are using the scanner to connect to older computers. When shopping for a flatbed, any scanner with a Hi-Speed USB port should be purchase-worthy, but consider getting a model with dual Hi-Speed USB and FireWire interfaces to expand your range of possible connections to many other devices and peripherals.

Scan Speed

Speed specifications in flatbeds are hard to determine — unless the scanner manufacturer provides the specs or the exact conditions in which material is scanned. Scan speeds can run from seconds to several minutes, depending on a wide variety of factors. For instance, to compare scan speed between two comparable models, one will need to know the size of the material being scanned, the resolution setting, the interface being used, and the processing speed and power of the computer to which the scanner is connected. Check speed claims carefully if these are made at all; it may help to do an actual or sample scan with the model of your choice, and see if you are satisfied with the speeds of the preview and actual scans. You could also check to see if your flatbed model has been reviewed in computer magazines or sites and rated for speed, as benchmark tests may give a more comprehensive picture on how fast the scanner runs.

Size of Scan Bed

Most flatbeds today will start out with a standard scan bed size of 8.5″ x 11.7″, approximating the dimensions of a letter-size image or document. From there, various bed-size configurations could come into play, including 8.5″ x 14″ to accommodate legal-size material, and 12″ x 17″ for large, tabloid-size scanning. It’s usually a good idea to consider a flatbed with a bed size that’s beyond the bare minimum — in this case, larger than the barebones 8.5″ x 11.7″. Not only can you fit larger-sized material onto the scan bed, you can also group several smaller pieces on the scan bed and perform batch scans (scanning in groups) to save time and effort.

Dynamic Range

The dynamic range of a scanner measures how well it can capture the tonal range of an image, ranging from the brightest highlights to the darkest shadows. Dynamic range is measured on a scale from 0.0 (perfect white) to 4.0 (perfect black), and the single number associated with a scanner indicates how much of that range it can tell apart. The minimum and maximum density values that can be captured by a scanner are called Dmin and Dmax, respectively. If a scanner’s Dmin was 0.2 and its Dmax was 3.0, then its dynamic range would be 2.8.

While dynamic range is a term often bandied about, in truth the spec is more important for film scanners used to scan slides, negatives, and transparencies — as these types of media have a broader range of tones compared to photos, and for which a scanner’s higher dynamic range can make a difference. Most flatbed scanners will have a dynamic range of 2.8 to 3.0, but don’t be surprised if you can’t find it in the specs, as this is not critical information needed by the average user looking to scan photos or prints.